Front End vs. Back End Development Explained

Concepts in web development for someone who is not into it can be challenging to understand. Add to it the programming languages, frameworks, and things that front-end and back-end developers use to build a website; it all goes over your head.

First, you need to know what Web Development Is? To help you understand in simple terms, it is building a website or an application with all the features and functionality for the internet.

The two fundamental web development is front-end and back-end development. These two components are intricate and integral parts for creating and proper functioning of an application or a website.

Here, we will explain in brief and simple terms the significance, scope, and differences of the front-end and back-end development. Both the front-end and back-end developers are different but have to work in sync, and one cannot do away with the other.

What are front-end and back-end development?

Front-end development, also known as ‘client-side’ development, is the face of the website or application that users interact with and perceive. Front-end development deals with the looks, designs, debugging, and user interface of the website or application. It is the first thing that a user sees in the browser, and it is what attracts and gives the user a seamless experience. 

Front-end developer descriptions:

  • Front-end developers focus on the outlook and user interface to make easy navigation, fill forms, play animations, attractive viewing of pictures, etc.
  • Front-end developers need to have a basic web hosting and buying domain skills, and knowing Sketch and Photoshop could be helpful. 
  • Front-end developers execute the concept design of the clients according to the clients’ requirements.
  • Front-end developers also need to understand the back-end to make the website properly functional.
  • Front-end developers use HTML, JavaScript, CSS, etc., although it has considerably evolved now.

Back-end development, also known as ‘server-side’ development, is the background, unseen force that powers all the attractive design and features of the ‘client-side.’ Back-end development deals with the server system and the databases that deliver the information’s of the website and the application. It is the hardest part of web development as the focus here is on data algorithms and functionality.

Back-end developer descriptions:

  • Back-end developers are supposed to have good critical thinking skills to design systems on how the user might react and interact.
  • Back-end developer creates programs on where and how the data is stored securely and can be retrieved.
  • The back-end developer makes sure that the website or applications don’t crash out and the features are changeable without stopping the functionality.
  • The back-end developer often runs tests to ensure a good experience for the end-user with fewer bugs and errors.
  • Back-end developers should have good coding knowledge for all the components’ responsive and proper functioning using Ruby on Rails, ASP.NET MVC, PHP web frameworks, etc.

Differences between Front-end and Back-end development

  • Programming Languages

Front-end Languages: HTML, CSS, JavaScript are the main programming languages used. The languages built everything that a user will see from the design, layout, theme, typography, animation, texts, interaction, etc.

Back-end Languages: PHP, MySQL, and Python are the main programming languages used. The languages will manage the data and input from users or store it in the database. It also ensures that the speed and response of the website are not interrupted by any bugs and errors.

  • Front-end and Back-end development Jobs

One should understand that the job position in one company will differ from other companies, so it is better to always go through the Job description. 

Front-end development Job titles

  • Web Designer
  • UI/UX designers 
  • CSS/HTML Developer
  • Front End Developer
  • Front End SEO Expert

Back-end development Job titles

  • programmers 
  • Back End Developer
  • DevOps Engineer
  • iOS Developer
  • Software Engineer

Although front-end and back-end development have different activities and look completely different, they are vital components of Web development. In comparison, one can be seen and interacted by the user, and the other works behind the scenes.

Front-end developers make the webpage visually exciting and create how the site will look and perform.

Back-end developers need special skills to write algorithms and create APIs and services for the site. You must have gained some idea of how the front-end and back-end development works in Web Development, but there is also a particular component in web development. It is known as a ‘full-stack developer.’